• What FCCT14 is (and why you should use it)
• Turning FCCT14 on in Find_Orb
• Getting the debiasing data
Most astrometry is referenced to star catalogs that have systematic biases in positions and proper motions. If you know which catalog was used to reduce a given observation, and where that observation was in the sky, it's possible to determine what those biases are, and to remove them. The resulting unbiased positions can get you a considerably better orbit solution.
FCCT14 is described by Farnocchia, Chesley, Chamberlin, and Tholen in Icarus 245 (2015) 94-111, http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2015Icar..245...94F. Essentially, they broke the sky up into 49152 = 3 * 2^14 equal-area, almost-square "pixels", each covering a little under a square degree. Then they determined the biases for 19 different catalogs relative to a subset of stars from the PPMXL catalog, on a pixel-by-pixel basis.
While this was far from straightforward for the authors to put together, it makes debiasing rather simple for orbit determination software such as Find_Orb. It determines in which of those 49152 "pixels" a given observation falls, gets the 19 possible catalog biases, and applies the bias for the catalog used for our given observation. (The "pixels" are determined using the HEALPix method. They are about as close to being "square" as you can get, given that we are dealing with a sphere.)
The Settings dialog contains a check-box to turn on FCCT14.
For users of the console version of Find_Orb, there is no user-friendly method for turning FCCT14 on. You have to edit the file environ.dat in the Find_Orb folder, and change the line
to equal 1. You'll know this is working because, the next time you load up observations in Find_Orb, you'll be told that you don't have the file containing the debiasing tables. (And later, you'll see the biases in question shown in the "observation info" bit of the dialog, whenever you click on an observation for which bias data exists.) Which leads us to...
If you don't already have it, Find_Orb will tell you that you need the file bias.dat. This can be extracted from ftp://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/pub/ssd/debias/debias_2014.tgz (about 7.4 MBytes, with bias.dat decompressing to about 27 MBytes). The .tgz file also contains two other files, README.txt and tiles.dat; you can ignore both of these.